Positive thinking means to see the full half of the glass, not to ignore the empty half.

Any human is at the center of its universe. Not the universe in general, its own private, small one. In this imaginary space, no one can talk or think objectively about their self.

When we look inside in introspection we cannot avoid being purely subjective. It is an effect of existing — i think therefore I am makes me entirely incapable of being objective in describing myself. This happens because any objective evaluation might prove that I don’t exist, so we avoid that at all costs.

For handling the inherent human subjectivity, you need to know and accept thyself. This contains subjectivity in our private unverses and allows a birds eye objective view from the real universe.

For so many years people pressured other people into thinking positive. We’ll see a spontaneous fusion of atoms from so much pressure. The idea that we should imagine unicorns together doesn’t make happy people. Unicorns rather breed folk in a state of trance, a state where ignorance is a divine idol made of gold, and rainbows.

Positive thinking means to see the full half of the glass, not to ignore the empty half.

The full half of the glass is what you already have, so that you can go and fill the empty half.

The ignorance triggered by positive thinking makes one refuse emotions in fear of “the negative”. This means shutting off. It is true that you feel as you think, and you think as you feel, but you should pay attention to these associations: a positive thought can beget a negative emotion, and that’s OK.

For example, you want to make a nice gift to someone and you come up with an awesome but unorthodox surprise. At first you will get an uncomfortable feeling. But it’s normal because all lack of conformity feels bad. This uncomfortable feeling is how you perceive the expectations that others have on you. You feel embarrassment. Embarrassment is the empty half of the glass. Yet you know that the surprise will count more than conformity and the recipient will love it. Joy is the full half of the glass.

Other times you are so thrilled by some object — usually some “iObject”. You’d pay any price for it. But then you stop and evaluate the object’s real value. The positive thinking dogma might make you think you are cheap. That you don’t “attract” money in your life! In reality though, the thrill is merely you perceiving the commercial manipulation. Your reasoning helps you escape this manipulation. Apparently the empty half of the glass has a purpose too.

Positive thinking comes packed with the belief that we make our own reality. That we create our reality. You might want to add a grain of salt to this one too. Although somewhat true, the idea has true power only if you can use it when you know what you want. But this is the last step:

6) To know what you want, you must know who you are.

5) To know who you are, you need to experiment.

4) To experiment, you need to free your self from conditioning.

3) To free your self from conditioning, you need to leave routine behind and become aware. Aware of every action and every thought.

2) To become aware, you need to live in the present.

1) To be present, you need to separate the past from memories and the future from consequences. For this first step you need to accept reality as it is and yourself as you are.

To accept reality, you must know reality. To know reality, you need lucid thinking, not positive thinking.

if you think so, recommend away, thank you very much –

A brain is a software time machine

There is only one goal in evolution: to develop time resilient beings. The brain appears to be the culmination of that goal.

The brain’s sole mission is to make predictions about the future. But its not the future you’d think. Brain’s predictions are not the lottery numbers. These predictions are about the degree of novelty that will infuse the present state.

It does this by employing two constant actions or functions:

  1. log — keeping an internal stream of everything that occurred: the internal dialog
  2. choose — making a permanent choice between good and bad

This reduction is based on two apparent facts:

  1. the hardest thing in spiritual evolution is to silence the mind
  2. there is instant interior feedback as opinion or feeling about anything happening.

It doesn’t matter if the day is the most boring in history, we hear ourselves. We’re constantly wondering and pondering. It doesn’t matter if we know much about a subject, we feel. We are instantly positioned somehow about any subject.

The brain didn’t just spawn into existence, it evolved. Like all evolution there are simple underlying rules. Upon these rules iterations built the complexity on top. The basic log and choose functions are the primary brain roles. They evolved into a complex centralized evaluation of the present.

You can imagine these two actions like two infinitely recursive functions. They keep going and going, always having all the previous results as the input for the next cycle.

The experience of life is a continuous process of discovery and interpretation.

Any sane brain has these two main components. All psychological pathology arises from one of them being missing or broken. One component answers to “What happens?” and the other to “Who am I?”. Missing one of these answers (or having a broken answer) makes lucid thinking hard.

Lucidity is the accuracy of perceiving the present.

In the brain’s activity consequences are not the point. Consequences have social structure in them, they depend on some morals involved. The point of the brain’s activity is the probability of events.

Thinking is assessing the degree of exposure to possibilities.

It is hard to distinguish between the future and consequences. It is also hard to distinguish between the past and memories. The complexity of the distinction comes from the lack of awareness. Awareness requires effort because it has no immediate use for conserving entropy.

Awareness is an artificial side effect not an embedded property.

The lack of awareness creates tradition. Tradition is about fixing events in time. Tradition regulates behavior through rules. It allows following through preset rules for the entire lives of society’s members. The lack of lucidity creates religion. Religion minimizes uncertainty about the farthest future possible: death. Tradition and religion were the human response to low awareness and low lucid thinking in the human population.

Most of tradition is concerned with explaining the immediate, like the natural cycles celebrations. Most of religion is concerned explaining the obvious like the 613 commandments in the old testament.

The self, made of building blocks

Using the basic reduction of log and choose, knowing thyself is hard because the brain uses these functions in a recursive way. At each moment in life you are enveloped in shells and shells of execution cycles. Both the internal dialog and the permanent choice run referencing their own output. The outer wall becomes so think that it is hard to untangle the input. Knowing one’s self is knowing both the answers to “what happens?” and to “who am I?”.

A deep understanding of the world is needed for authentic self realization.

From the internal dialog rises communication.

Cognitive dissonance is when something is both true and false into the internal log. Cognitive dissonance produces anger.

From the permanent choice rises the ego.

Ambivalence is when something is both good and bad into the internal choice system. Ambivalence produces angst.

All pain relates to instability of what we hold as the representation of the present. Pain is all about time: physical and emotional. Acceptance, tolerance, openness are all effects of high intelligence.

Intelligence helps moderating the uncertainty superior perspectives impose on humans.

Anger + Angst + Pain = Panic

Angst and anger are the basic inner perceptions and pain is the basic outer perception. We interpret them as we gain experience. Then we evolve each into various new forms but everything is at the base: angst, anger and pain.

Panic invalidates everything hence it is the launchpad of stupidity. Stupidity is just a constant stream of bad predictions. Bad predictions happen because of low abstraction or unlogged environment updates.

A communicating ego is life’s solution to the complexity of the universe.

We use everyone else as silos of data about the present. The main component of isolation is psychosis for this simple reason. The average human looses track of time’s flow in isolation.

Cataclysmic events are integral changes of the present. As they are a possibility, cataclysmic events have some probability associated with them. We evolved intelligence as a means to handle cataclysmic events.

Intelligence, inference and deduction.

Abstraction is the ability to perceive non physical events as physical events. Because of abstraction the inner dialog gains density. That is why for example gesturing is so important in expressing eloquent thinking.

The differences in intelligence between life forms are controlled by these two main functions. The density of the log and the abstraction of the choice. Intelligence is based on memory for inference, but depends heavily on abstraction for deduction. Some animals kick the bar of memory, but fail at the abstraction part.

Intelligence is the perception of time.

We perceive touch by feeling heat, cold, soft, hard. Chemistry by bitter, sour or sweet. Light by bright or colored. In the same way we perceive the presence of time by inference and deduction.

The internal dialog contains the procedure of inference. The permanent choice contains the procedure of deduction.

When, to the Moment then, I say: ‘Ah, stay a while! You are so lovely!

What we are most concerned about is stability. We want the present to remain the same for as long as possible.

We like the music we can predict. Each following note is a variation that flows logically and we expect it. If it is what we expect, we like it. Looks like Debussy was right about music being the silence between the notes.

We are story driven because it gives us tools to ease the log keeping.

The internal log is not like a tape machine keeping sequential records. It is an internal dialog. This means that data is only available as enclosed into the current scope. Memory is the global environment. That is a get and set environment but the inner dialog is a permanent discussion of the self with the self.

The permanent choice between good and bad is not the moral right and wrong. It is only concerned with the preservation of stability and the feedback from predictions.

Good is stability and certainty and bad is instability and uncertainty.

Right and wrong are interpretative and custom to every system. Good and evil are common to how all brains work.

Choosing from new options is the most expensive operation the brain does. Choosing, not decision. The decision is the easy part but choice creates new input. When new input is available all logged choices get reevaluated.

The mind is when you are still.

The brain is not the same thing with the mind. That old joke that the brain named itself is false. The mind named the brain. The brain is the machine, and all the machine does is to execute. The mind is the execution state. The mind mirrors the internal representation of the present. It also is the only thing that experiences only the present, the continuous present.

The mind is exactly as it feels, in the middle of the big, global memory space. The mind is a transitory state that is fully described by the local scope. The brain executes the same things recursively. Thus the local scope is stable about names, changing only in values. This gives the mind continuity.

The mind has four components: thoughts, sentiments, emotions and sensations.

Memory is the global environment. It has the best possible representation of all the experience. It also gets used extensively for new predictions.

Perhaps sleep is just our automatic garbage collector.

This is not a scientific affirmation, but a philosophical stance. Yet, it does have some practical meaning. What does this mean? It means that we can be aware of what is and maybe, just maybe,

nothing is.

Recommend. If you like it this could be useful , and i have no real means to make it percolate otherwise 🙂

Leader over population

Look at these:

I am so tired of this leader versus manager, boss vs manager, leader vs boss differences. In fact there are none. I believe that those who make these comparisons don’t get the following:

You can’t compare managers to leaders.

Leadership is a function of management.

So a manager is a leader, by default. Not all leaders are good. Being a “leader” is not a guarantee of anything. You can lead people into the abyss just as well as you can lead them onto the mountain top.

You can’t compare bosses to managers.

Only those who directly pay are bosses.

The boss is the owner or the client. Being a boss excludes being a manager. Managers have bosses. Bosses cannot be leaders because they have nothing to lead.

The problem with this hype thrown at “leading” is that everyone wants to be a leader. No one wants to manage anymore. But in reality there are 2% opportunities to lead and 98% opportunities to manage. Look inside your company: how many ground breaking, industry changing, growth hacking, 10x improvement projects are currently happening now? Well, my guess is not many. How many customer-centric, feature-centric, technical debt fixing projects are currently happening? My guess is many.

Leading and leadership are awesome. But you know what company i like to work for? The one where I feel like I am my own leader and the manager does his job well and gives me confidence. Confidence first. Freedom of everything else that prevents me from doing my job. And in doing my job I can be my very own leader. And only when i wonder about where are “we” going, should the leader in my manager take the stage and tell me about it.

Most companies are not Amazon, Microsoft, Google or Facebook. Most companies are Automattic, 37Signals or lower. And that’s counting success only. In the mundane, boring “normal” companies management is key and leadership is a day to day activity included in the normal manager role.

It is not manager vs leader, leader vs boss. It is good manager versus bad manager.